Several eyelid issues are there and now here in this article, I am going to discuss another eyelid issue which is called petechiae. Yes petechiae on eyelids are an eyelid issue that can be easily identified if you have red dots on eyelids. So, if you notice that you have red dots on your eyelids then it means that you have petechiae on eyelids issue.
Petechiae are nothing but just tiny red dots on the skin. This issue is not only specifically happens on eyelids but also on other parts of the skin like stomach, arms, buttocks, legs and more. Sometimes, apart from these places, you may also notice this issue inside the mouth. These red spots or dots can be a sign of several conditions, some conditions may be so minor but some may be so complicated or serious. Petechiae on eyelids can also be a sign of reaction to several medications.
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Petechiae are generally looks like a rash on the skin and they are generally caused due to bleeding in the skin. You can even confirm this by pressing them, it will not turn white. After few days, a rash will turn pale.
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What Causes Petechiae On Eyelids?
Capillaries or you may call tiny blood vessels generally link the arteries’ smallest parts to the vein’s smallest parts. Generally, petechiae on eyelids appear when capillaries bleed or leek into the blood. There are several reasons that cause this bleeding to happen which includes the following:
- Prolonged Straining
- Infectious Diseases
- Medical Conditions
Petechiae on eyelid may appear after you take some of the medications which also include:
- Phenytoin (Cerebyx)
- Quinine (Qualaquin)
#2: Prolonged Straining
Some very small petechiae on eyelid can also be caused due to prolonged straining during the activities like vomiting, coughing, weightlifting and giving birth.
#3: Infectious Diseases
Petechiae on eyelid may be caused due to several fungal, bacterial and viral infections which includes:
- Scarlet fever
- Viral hemorrhagic fevers
- Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection
- Strep throat
- Rocky Mountain spotted fever
#4: Medical Conditions
Petechiae on eyelid can be caused due to noninfectious medical conditions. Some of the examples are as follows:
- Scurvy (vitamin C deficiency)
- Vitamin K deficiency
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Symptoms Of Petechiae On Eyelids
The only indication of petechiae on eyelid is the appearance of the spots. However, as it is generally an indication of the below underlying condition, people may experience some other symptoms apart from this:
Some other symptoms include:
- bleeding gums
- bruising or bleeding easily
- joint hemorrhage
- unusually heavy menstrual periods
- clotted blood that appears under the skin
When There Is a Need To Call Your Doctor
If you notice that your child has petechiae then you should definitely call a doctor. Most of the underlying causes of petechiae on eyelids are required to be treated at time. However, it is quite hard to know whether you have something serious or mild until you see a doctor for a diagnosis. If you notice any of the below symptoms then you should your doctor soon:
- Trouble breathing
- High fever
- Change in consciousness
What Are The Risk Factor Included In Petechiae On Eyelids
Several factors are there that can influence someone to develop petechiae. Some of the activities like lifting heavy objects can also lead to petechiae. But do you know that petechiae are actually a sign of low platelet counts and some other disorders of coagulation. Also, they may be just a symptom of septicaemia which also manifests as an illness with fever. Some other predisposing factors that are so common are:
- Injury or trauma
- Autoimmune disorders
- Aging skin
- Events causing an increase in pressure
- Henoch-Schonlen purpura (HSP)
- Infections / illness affecting blood coagulation
- Events causing an increase in pressure such as laughing, sneezing
- Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
- Radiotherapy and chemotherapy
- Medications such as those targeted against platelets and coagulation factors
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Are There Any Other Related Complications?
Petechiae on eyelids do not cause complications and they will not leave scars. Some of the most common conditions that used to cause this symptom that can have complications like:
- Heart problems
- Damage to the liver, kidneys, heart, lungs, spleen
- Skin infections
How To Diagnose Petechiae On Eyelids?
Diagnosing petechiae on eyelids is actually dependent on the history and clinical examination. Your doctor may decide to do some blood tests which include:
- Tests that measure the blood clotting abilities, known as Partial thromboplastin time or Prothrombin time
- Bleeding Time – the amount of time it takes to clot
- Full blood count that measures the amount of all cell types in a body
- Platelet count
Petechiae On Eyelids Treatment Options
If petechiae is caused due to viral or bacterial infection then the skin should clear up after the infection gets better. However, if petechia on eyelids is caused due to some medication then this symptom should go away after you stop taking the drug.
Also try to check the spots or dots often to see if they change. However, if you notice that the number of spots is increasing then you might have a bleeding issue.
Before your doctor recommends any treatment, he/she will indentify the reasons that cause petechiae on eyelid or having red dots on eyelids and other related symptoms. He/she may prescribe you any of the below medicines for petechiae treatments:
- corticosteroids to reduce inflammation
- antibiotics to get rid of bacterial infections
- chemotherapy, radiation or biologic therapy
- medicines that suppress the immune system like methotrexate (Trexall, Rheumatrex), azathioprine (Azasan, Imuran) or cyclophosphamide
Apart from the mediciations, you can also try some home remedies to treat petechiae on eyelids. These will help you relive the symptoms of petechiae on eyelids:
- Drink excess fluids to prevent dehydration
- Take some rest
- Try over-the-counter pain relievers like cetaminophen or ibuprofen
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Petechiae on eyelid is an eyelid issue that is caused due to several reasons as I have already mentioned in the above section. If you notice that you have red dots on eyelids then it is very clear that you are suffering from petechiae issue. However, you can try different treatments to treat petechiae on eyelids but before that it is very important to consult your doctor.
Consulting your doctor will definitely help you avoid getting any side effects of the treatments you try to get rid of this eyelid issue. So, if you have this eyelid issue then do not worry just try the treatments mentioned here. Hope this blog will help you get rid of petechiae on eyelids if you are looking for its treatments. Or, if you have any question in your mind then you can ask here and get your answer.
Petechiae On Eyelids – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Risk Factors, Complications, Treatments & More
Know everything about an eyelid issue called petechiae on eyelids – its causes, symptoms, diagnosis, risk factors, complications, and more. Also know petechiae on eyelids treatments.