Different Types Of Blepharitis: Know Their Causes, Treatments & Prevention Tips
Blepharitis is a common eyelid disorder in which inflammation in the eyelids can be easily noticed. It is a condition that used to affect the eyelids as well as eyelashes. When bacteria cause irritation in the eyes then the eyelids become itchy and red. However, this issue does not cause any permanent hazardous to eye vision.
Today, here, in this blog, I will discuss the different types of blepharitis. Blepharitis can be done due to different causes based on the types of blepharitis. So, just keep on reading this blog and see what different types of blepharitis can take place in humans and also the causes behind the problem and treatments available.Our Editors Recommend:
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This eyelid issue may be caused due to bacteria or due to other skin conditions like skin allergies, dandruff or even eczema. If you have blepharitis issue then you are more likely to styes in the eyelids.
Different Types Of Blepharitis
There are different types of blepharitis that can be occurred due to several reasons at different stages. Blepharitis is generally divided into two different types. So, let’s start knowing about them and also know how they are caused and treated at time so that it does not affect the eye vision.
Type #1: Anterior Blepharitis
Anterior blepharitis is a kind of blepharitis that used to affect the outside part of the eyelid where the eyelashes get attached. This type of blepharitis can be further divided into two other types; one is seborrheic blepharitis and another one is ulcerative blepharitis. Now, let us go through them in detail one by one:
- Seborrheic Blepharitis: This kind of blepharitis is generally associated with dandruff present in the eyelashes. When this kind of blepharitis takes place, an eyelid becomes red and start producing waxy scales to build upon the eyelashes which cause the eyes to itch. These waxy scales initially develop because of the abnormal amount of type of tear film that are produced by the eyelid’s glands.
Causes Of Seborrheic Blepharitis
Seborrheic blepharitis is a type of eczema that is present in the places where the sebaceous glands are active. The seborrheic production is actually not related to the severity of the eyelid disorder – eczema. Some people are free from eczema even though the sebum production is large in numbers.
So, in this way, the actual cause of the seborrheic blepharitis is still unknown. But, some conditions like alcohol consumption in higher quantity, depression, epilepsy and medications like lithium, interferon and psoralen induce the risk of having seborrheic blepharitis.
- Ulcerative Blepharitis: This type of blepharitis is less common than seborrheic blepharitis and it generally starts to develop in childhood. Ulcerative blepharitis is usually caused due to bacteria. This is a much more severe form that causes hard crusts to form around the eyelashes. These crusts generally become matte during sleep and make it difficult to open the eyes after you wake up in the morning.
Causes of Ulcerative Blepharitis
Ulcerative blepharitis is generally caused due to the bacteria that are present in the skin around the eyes. These bacteria can penetrate the human the body via insect bite or a cut in the skin or via the opening pores of the skin while using the medical equipment.
The bacterium staphylococcus or ulcerative causes some infections, from soft tissue and minor skin infections to invasive eye infections, known as staphylococcal or staph infections. Among the different varieties of ulcerative, the staphylococcus bacteria – aureus is consist of methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus, in short, known as MRSA. It resists some antibiotics like flucloxacillin which is generally used for staph infections.
Type #2: Posterior Blepharitis
Posterior blepharitis is the second type of blepharitis that used to develop when oil glands in the inner part of the eyelids allow the bacteria to grow. This issue can take place as a result of skin issues like scalp dandruff and acne rosacea. With the force applied while blinking the eyes, oil is secreted into the tears. This oil is generally to prevent eye tear film evaporation.
When all these oil glands have inflammation either too much or too little oil is secreted. Those who are suffering from MGD generally becomes burning, dry eyes or red eyes. Eye vision tends to fluctuate because the tears film presents in the unstable.
Causes of Posterior Blepharitis
Some issues are connected with the eyelid’s inner part in posterior blepharitis. The margins of the eyelid have oil glands known as meibomian glands. Such glands are placed in upper and well as lower eyelids with each eyelid carrying about 15 to 20 glands.
The meibomian glands openings lie inside the eyelash’s line, most possibly on the eyelid corners. The oil penetrates very slowly while blinking the eyes. However, the gland used to collapse when it is vacant.
The oil produced by meibomian gland combined with the component filled with water present in the eyes and tear film is created together. The oily layer of this gland provides a special coating to the eyelid’s water layer and then protect the water from evaporation. However, when the quantity and the quality of the water are altered then there are some symptoms like eye irritation.
Meibomian blepharitis signifies some symptoms like redness in the eyelid lining and poor tear quality. This is due to the irregular production in the eyelid’s glands. The meibomian glands are generally broken down due to the bacteria that causes irritation to the eyes.
What Is The Fastest Way To Cure Blepharitis?
No matter what types of blepharitis you have, you can try some treatments to cure blepharitis with easy and effective natural treatments as well as medical treatments mentioned here in the below section. So, just go through them one after another and try to follow them on a regular basis to get this eyelid problem cured in no time.
Natural Treatments To Treat Different Blepharitis Types
- You can try a warm compress over the closed eyes for about 15-20 minutes so that it can help you loosen the brittle deposits on the eyelids.
- Try to use a washcloth that is moistened with 4-5 drops of diluted baby shampoo and warm water to wash away the oily scales or debris present at the eyelash’s base. Make sure that you take different clean cloth for both the eyes.
- Sometimes you may need to be more deliberate about cleaning the corner of the eyelids where the eyelashes are located. To do so, you need to gently pull the eyelid away from the eyes and then use the washcloth to rub the eyelash’s base gently. Doing so will help you avoid damaging the cornea with the washcloth.
- Always rinse both the eyelids with warm water and then pat it dry gently with a dry and clean towel.
- You can also try antibiotics to cure different types of blepharitis. As for example, if you have eyelid pain or swollen eyelids or it has become red then you should hurriedly see a doctor.
Medical Treatment To Cure Different Types of Blepharitis
Sometimes natural treatments are not enough to get rid of blepharitis issue. In that case, you need to get in contact with some medical treatment options. To know what they are, you can go look below:
- Oral Antibiotics
If you have stubborn blepharitis then you need some oral antibiotics that have to be taken into consideration. Some antibiotics like doxycycline, minocycline or tetracycline or prescribed anywhere from 30 days to much longer can be quite effective.
- Topical Antibiotics
When it comes to topical antibiotics, azithromycin works well in treating blepharitis. In topical form, azithromycin is known as azasite. Generally, doctors also suggest this topical antibiotic that needs to be applied to the eyelid margin with the help of finger in a very small amount. An azasite have some anti-inflammatory effect and anti-infective as well.
Although steroids can bring some risks and unwanted side effects, they are quite effective at quelling inflammation when no natural treatments do not work. Some doctors will prescribe the patients for short-term inflammation control to reduce the possible complications.
How To Prevent Different Types Of Blepharitis?
Well, once you get rid of any types of blepharitis you had before, make sure that you do not come across this issue again. Here, you can follow some preventive tips to avoid blepharitis to get again in life.
- Remove all eye makeup before you go to sleep
- Always keep your eyelids clean
- Stop using makeup if you are having an early stage of blepharitis and treating it
- Never use eyeliner on the back corners of the eyelids behind the eyelashes
- If your eyelids are inflamed, stop using it right there
After going through the above sections of this blog, it is clear that there are mainly two types of blepharitis. Both of these blepharitis types have different conditions and causes. But, let me make one thing clear that whether you have anterior or posterior blepharitis, treatment options are the same for both the types.
So, whether you have anterior or posterior blepharitis, you can try the treatments mentioned in the above sections of this blog. Also, you need to follow some preventive measures to avoid having blepharitis again once it is treated completely.
So, keep in mind everything about different types of blepharitis and its treatments and preventive tips so that you can get healthy and youthful appearance forever.