Eyelid Edema: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatments & More

Eyelid Edema

Have you ever heard about an eyelid issue “eyelid edema”? If yes, then it is good but if you don’t know then you should go through this below blog. Here, you will know what is edema and how do you treat it well?

Edema is a common issue that starts slowly but at some point of time, it can occur suddenly. It is a very common eyelid issue but it can be a sign of serious condition.

Eyelid Edema is a swelling or puffiness around the eye area when too much fluid becomes filled in the tissues of the eye area. A medical term given to this condition is called “edema”. And when it occurs in the eye or eyelid then this is said to be “eyelid edema”.

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Swelling generally occurs due to inflammation or injury. This issue can affect a small area of the entire body. Some major causes of eyelid edema are the infections, medications, pregnancy and some other medical conditions.

eye structure

Types Of Edema

There are different types of edema and each of them occurs in the different parts of the body. Below, you will learn about some common types of edema. If you want to know what are they, then you can look below:

  • Pedal Edema
  • Peripheral Edema
  • Macular Edema
  • Cerebral Edema
  • Pulmonary Edema
  • Lymph Edema

After knowing the types of edema, you will now learn about some reasons that cause edema. So, look below to know what are they.

But, let me make one thing very clear that, from the above edema types, edema occurs near the eye area or in the eyelid comes under macular edema. It means that when you have edema near your eye or eyelid area, it is also called macular edema.

There are several people who ask ‘Can macular edema be cured?’ So, let me tell you that, yes, macular edema can be cured easily with some treatments but before that look at the eye edema causes.

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Causes of Eyelid Edema

There are some common causes of eyelid edema and you should know them very well so that you can treat eyelid edema as soon as possible and avoid having this eyelid issue.

  • Allergic Reactions: Edema is a cause of most allergic reactions. If you are allergic to medications or something else then it happens that nearby blood vessels leak fluid into the affected area.
  • Low Albumin: Doctors may call this issue as hypoalbuminemia. Low albumin contributes to edema, albumin and some other proteins in the blood act like sponges in order to keep the fluid in your blood vessel.
  • Critical Illness: Some critical illness like life-threatening infections, burns or other issues may also cause a reaction that allows fluid to leak out tissues almost everywhere. This can cause edema near your eye or other parts of the body s well.
  • Obstruction of Flow: If the drainage of fluid from eye part is blocked then fluid can back up. This can cause blood clot in the deep veins of eyes and can cause eyelid edema. A tumor that blocks the flow of blood or another fluid called lymph can cause edema.
  • Liver Disease: If there is a severe liver disease like cirrhosis then it causes you to retain fluid. This issue also leads to low levels of albumin as well as other proteins in the blood.
  • Congestive Heart Failure: When the heart pumps blood less and become weaken then fluid can slowly build up cause edema to take place. If the fluid builds up quickly then you can get fluid in the lungs. If you find that your heart failure is on right side then edema can develop in the abdomen.
  • Pregnancy: If you are pregnant then it is possible that due to some reason, edema may occur at part of the body, most probably in the eyes or leg. This generally causes due to deep vein thrombosis and preeclampsia.
  • Kidney Disease: A common kidney issue called ‘nephrotic syndrome’ can cause severe edema and sometimes it not only occurs in the eyes but all parts of the body as well.

Symptoms of Eyelid Edema

Symptoms of eyelid edema may generally depend on the amount of swollen eyelids you have. So, if you want to know what are the signs that may help you identify that you have eyelid edema issue then you can look below:

  • If edema is in just a small area due to an eyelid inflammation or eye infection like mosquito bites on eyelids then it may cause no symptoms. But, if it is large then it may be due to allergic reactions.
  • Allergic reactions to medicine or food allergic may cause throat, eye or tongue edema. This can be life-threatening issue if it interferes with your breathing.

These are the major symptoms of eyelid edema that may help you identify that you have edema. So, be aware of these signs, if you notice these then try to visit your doctor soon to get treated well.

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How To Diagnose Eye Edema?

When it comes to diagnosing an eye edema, first of all, your doctor will perform a physical exam and ask you some questions regarding your medical history.

The gathered information will be enough to determine the underlying cause of the edema. However, in some cases, your doctor will need to analyze your X-rays, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Ultrasound exams, Urine report or blood test reports.

Some questions you may expect to be asked by your doctor are:

  • Have you ever had edema before?
  • What kinds of food do you regularly eat?
  • Do you seem to be urinating normally?
  • Is there less swelling after a night’s rest in the bed?
  • Do you notice swelling all over your body, or does it seem to be in just one area, such as an eye, arm or leg?

Eyelid Edema Treatment

When it comes to treating eyelid edema, you can do a lot to get rid of eyelid edema. If your edema is mild then it may go away on its own. But if it is severe, then do you know how do you reduce eye edema? Well, if you know then it is better but if you don’t know then read the below paragraph.

If you have severe eye edema then you may be prescribed some drugs that may help your body to expel excess fluid in the form of urine or diuretics.

The most common diuretic is furusemide which is also known as Lasix. However, when you visit your doctor, he/she may determine whether these types of medications are a good option for you or not, based on your personal medical history.

But, if your eye edema is getting treated for long-term then it is better to treat the underlying causes of the swelling or eye puffiness.

If your eye edema causes as a result of medication use, then it is possible that your doctor will adjust your prescription or even check for an alternative medication that does not cause eye edema.

before-after-edema

Conclusion

Eyelid edema is also called macular edema and it can be easily cured with the help some essential treatments. Edema not only occurs in the eye or eyelid but also in other parts of the body like arms, leg, abdomen, etc.

But, it is very important o know the causes of eyelid edema, so that you can treat the issues what causes eyelid edema. So, in the above section of this blog, you might have read all the causes and so if you have any of the issues then try to get rid of them as soon as possible to avoid having eyelid edema.


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Eyelid Edema: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatments & More
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Eyelid Edema: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatments & More
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Eyelid edema can occur in the eyes as well as other parts of the body and there are several causes that eye edema to occur. So, know here what causes eye edema and what can be done to treat eyelid edema.
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Eyelids Lift
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